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Europe Sketches 1975: the ghosts of Venice.

 FIGURE 1.1. Isola Tiberina SOURCE: Europe Sketches



In a chance conversation on my mobile phone with Keith Hansen about how there was a new publication entitled: Brett Whiteley: Art, Life and the Other Thing, by Ashleigh Wilson which was due to be released in 2016. Keith always feels overlooked within the daunting shadow of his second cousin Brett, who was extremely gifted, but cursed genius, afflicted with too many inner daemons and addictions. I decided on an impulse to request the loan of one of Keith's art dairies such as Europe Sketches, circa 1975. This artistic rendition of an ancient Roman bridge over the river Tiber, leading onto the 'Isola Tiberina,' an island shaped like a boat is just the foretaste of one sample of this said diary, please refer to figure 1.1., above. My intention is to extract the creative life-force of an artist embedded within the retained memories of Keith's text and imagery on the individual pages of his art diary. I also wish to relish the unexpected fillip of the accessibility of his European portfolio of artwork consisting of other sketches and paintings such as the example of the San Giorgio Maggiore Church at Dawn - Venice: please refer to figure 1.2., below. 
FIGURE 1.2. San Giorgio Maggiore Church at Dawn - Venice  SOURCE: Keith Hansen

The Caralina seaplane, being the main focus of attention in this painting, taking off from the pastel-shaded bluish water of the Grand Canal, against the washed-out sky of non-descript greyish-blue. The application of the mauve-like blue to almost everything on the canvas highlights the blending of the dawn just before the sunrise. Although for Keith Hansen, as the artist, he does seem to be somewhat obsessed, with this iconic landmark of religion, built on an island as a source of inspiration? The gondolas floating in the foreground on the surface of this watery space of the Grand Canal - Venice, painted with such succinct dabs of watercolour. Various paintings and sketches of the San Giorgio Maggiore Church will be showcased throughout this creative project yet to be defined. This particular church has also been extensively painted by a diverse palette of artists such as the following: Claude Monet, Canaletto, J.M.W. Turner and Raoul Duffy. Therefore, I have explained to Keith that I intend to create the sense of the Gothic-like atmosphere of the floating city of Venice within the uncanny themes of mythology, history, architecture and the artwork - so Sigmund Freud. There has to be just the hint of the very creepy factor in the recreation of the haunted text on the page - the ghosts of Venice in this artist's diary.
FIGURE 1.3. Front Cover SOURCE: Europe Sketches 
FIGURE 1.4. Back Cover SOURCE: Europe Sketches

There was an element of cloak and dagger intrigue as I stepped down onto the railway platform of Circular Quay in search of this overly cautious man who regards himself as a authentic artist of the old school in the twenty-first century. Today he was in possession of a treasured personal artifact over forty-one years old  such as the example of Europe Sketches: please refer to figures 1.3. - 1.4., above. This artist's diary is filled to the brim with the tanalising promise of artwork hand-drawn which sometimes splashed with pen ink, Conte crayons, charcoal, watercolour and gouache paints. There is also the intriguing text hinting at the poetic and the very personal reflections yet to be transcribed as this artist's handwriting is somewhat difficult to decipher. The premise here is the still living artist will be able to behold, my own unbiased interpretation of both the text and the imagery pertaining to Europe Sketches. His teacher's quotation was that:"the greatest compliment to any artist is the re-interpretation of the concepts of genius belonging to another." This was the advice of Brett Whiteley regarding to his student Keith Hansen the 'Sorcerer's Apprentice of Art.' The ability to turn magic into art and poetic prose is indeed the craft of alchemy for the artist. One has to be gifted, in the arts', to be able to call forth the magical elements of fire, air, earth and water from the depths of the inkwell of creation. Such as the example of the black ink drawing of Keith's angelic muse materialising out of the ink-bottle and old-fashioned ink pen with a metal nib: please refer to figure 1.5., below. 
FIGURE 1.5. Keith's Muse of the Ink-Bottle of Creation SOURCE: Europe Sketches
FIGURE 1.6. Two photographs of Keith Hansen SOURCE: Keith Hansen.

These rare sepia-toned photographs of Keith Hansen show the other side of his creative psyche as the musician in possession of his fiery passion for life like the true Spaniard of times past. Therefore, the creative process of writing the musical notes and text was for Keith a further extension of his artistic expression. It appears that in both of these photographs of Keith as a much younger man in the 1970s - there are variations of mood of either being pensive or happy. In both photographs he is also posing with his vintage Maton guitar which was brought second-hand in the 1960s with the sunburst logo on the head-stock: please refer to figure 1.6., above. Keith's alter ego namely his guitar travelled all over Europe with him and this finely tuned instrument of Australian design was left behind in Berlin, Germany. This guitar was named Brumby - definitely a free spirit with a taste for the exotic. There is however, an interesting twist to this story, as another yet unnamed musician now resides in Morocco with his somewhat preloved guitar still fondly remembered by Keith. This overly sensitive artist who feels his emotions too deeply embraced the concept of his European experience within the culinary delights, the wine and other things too naughty to mention here.
  FIGURE 1.7. the Nude and Dolphin SOURCE: Keith Hansen.

I would like to draw attention to an amazing sensual visual of the female nude and the dolphin executed within the minimalist's approach: please refer to figure 1.7., above. Just the unfussed simplicity, of a few lines of black ink on the paper, this is the succinct outcome of how the female form can be so uncomplicated and yet still respected as artwork. An ancient Grecian urn - Keith Hansen was inspired by the imagery of the young naked man named Phalanthos riding a dolphin holding out in his outstretched hand a phiale  - at the Sydney University Nicholson Museum: please refer to figure 1.8., below. This type of painting on the Grecian Urn is attributed to the Athena-Bowdoin painters dating from 500 - 475 B.C., showcasing the artwork of the past. The reconstruction of this particular Grecian Urn from the fragments of pottery are somewhat flawed because of two uncanny facts relating to the back of this urn: please refer to figure 1.9., below. Firstly, the head is missing and secondly some of the drapery of his flowing robes appears not to be there. I have taken several photographs which should further enhance the narrative of this Grecian Urn and the skull of the saw-toothed dolphin. There are many tales relating to Greek mythology about the gods, dolphins and mortal men with the main emphasis on the Sun God Apollo. This Olympian solar deity was able to shape-shift into the nature of either the dolphin or the wolf. There is however one legend with a sinister aspect about Apollo being one of the plague-gods," who inflicts death and pestilence with his arrows, he was apparently modelled on the Semitic plague-god Reshep, who caused disease by shooting firebrands."[1] One wonders if this hearsay-related reference to the bubonic plague in ancient Rome is hinting at the science of germ warfare. On the positive side worth considering is that Apollo loved to pluck the strings of the kithara to evoke the music of the divine. 
FIGURE 1.8. Front:Grecian Urn and dolphin's skull SOURCE: Marjorie Savill Linthwaite
FIGURE 1.9. Back: man without head SOURCE: Marjorie Savill Linthwaite

Yet in another conversation on my mobile phone, about my research, with Keith Hansen, who is the still breathing research subject of my archival interest in regard to my creative project? I asked his permission to re-invent one of his poetic songs with a light touch ever so respectfully, The Lonely Bride of Winter, from one of the pages of his artist diary into a poem. Keith very graciously granted permission in regard to my request. The following two pages of Europe Sketches has a sketch of Sienna - Italy and the said song: please refer to figure 1.10., below. My interpretation of his poetic intent: please refer to figure 1.11., below as I am endeavouring to:"offer us the possibility of sensing the other through the enduring fabric of their material."[2] Doing  justice to the recall of the nostalgia of the 1970s and always respecting the experience too precious, too personal as an artifact of memory for Keith. He was quite obviously in a melancholy mood when penning this piece of disjointed lines of prose which may have been inspired by love misplaced but never forgotten. Perhaps Keith was still trying to capture the naivety of his first love affair as a teenager - the object of his obsession a mature woman of twenty-plus. There is yet another example of the San Giorgio Maggiore Church - Lamp Detail, crafted in the hues of salmon-pink watercolours and black ink: please refer to figure 1.12., below.
FIGURE 1.10. the Lonely Bride of Winter / Sienna - Italy SOURCE: Europe Sketches
FIGURE 1.11. the Bride of Winter - revised SOURCE: Europe Sketches
FIGURE 1.12. San Giorgio Maggiore Church Lamp Detail SOURCE: Europe Sketches

Sienna proved to be an interesting experience for Keith because of the mythology of the Capitoline Wolf; please refer to figure 1.13., below.The she-wolf suckling the twins Romulus and Remus whose mother was the Vestal Virgin Rhea Silvia - quite weird when you consider the visual of this representation, which is stranger still considering the original artifact was purloined from the temple of Apollo.  I made the decision not to include the sketch of the she-wolf from the Keith's artist's diary as the example was not up to his usual standard of artistic endeavour. So I included this photograph instead. However, Keith was extremely disappointed with my choice so he decided to locate a replacement for the she-wolf: please refer to figure 1.14., below. Although I was not expecting the daemonisation of this ancient artifact of the she-wolf represented with bat-like wings. Why were the male twins remophed into naked female winged nimpths? Two questions which deserve an answer from the artist, methinks? Apparently, this illustration outlined in black and splashed with various bluish / greenish shades of watercolour is sourced from a portfolio of drawings for a children's book which is quite bizarre as I think this image is decidedly creepy.  There is apparently fragmented folklore, unfortunately I have not been able to find any written material about this subject.  There is however gargoyles in the shape of the shape of the winged wolf but here also the history is obscure with very little information available.  

FIGURE 1.13. Sienna - She-Wolf SOURCE: Mary Ann Sullivan 
FIGURE 1.14. Winged-She-Wolf SOURCE: Keith Hansen.



1. The Routledge Handbook of Greek Mythology: Based on H. J. Rose's Handbook of Greek Mythology. 2004. p.143.]
2. Museum Materialities: Objects, Engagements, Interpretations. 2010. p.119.]